A multi-wavelength study of protoplanetary disks with astronomical unit resolution

Abstract : Planetary systems are born in circumstellar gas and dust disks surrounding Young Stellar Objects (YSOs). To understand how planetary systems form, a detailed knowledge of the structure and evolution of these disks is required. Although, this is almost well understood for the regions of the disks observed with a spatial resolution of several AUs, the structure of these disks probed at a few AU scale and especially inward of 1 AU remains a puzzle. In recent years, it has become possible to directly spatially resolve the inner region of protoplanetary disks with optical interferometry technique. The context of this thesis is a multi-wavelength investigation of the protoplanetary disks evolution by determining their density distribution, their temperature distribution, the size and com- position of the dust components and finally the kinematics of the gas. I have developed my thesis following three complementary wavelength domains: study of the photosphere of the star and its nearby gaseous disk through visible interferometry, study of the radial and vertical structure of the inner rim of a pre-transitional disk at fractions of an AU through near-IR interferometry, and, the characterization of the disk regions at a few AUs from the central star through spectroscopic and mid-IR interferometry. To analyse the visible-, near- and mid-IR interferometric observations, I have focused my attention on three well known sources, 51 OPh, HD 100546 and MWC 480 respectively that they have not been observed in these wavelengths.
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Narges Jamialahmadi. A multi-wavelength study of protoplanetary disks with astronomical unit resolution. Other. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015NICE4129⟩. ⟨tel-01314146⟩

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