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Pèlerinage de la Sainte-Anne, Clans, Vallée de la Tinée (06)


Description : If it is a properly anthropological phenomenon, in the sense that it is found in all human societies, it is indeed the religious phenomenon. Turning one's gaze to the past, one's gateway to distant cultures, everywhere and always imposing oneself, massive, makes beliefs in supernatural beings. These diffuse recurring characters in contrasting cultural environments and, at the same time, offer an extraordinary diversity of forms. It is surprising that, according to a fractal analogy, this interlocking of invariants and differences is repeated regardless of the geographical scale chosen. The data delivered by Thierry Rosso and Cyril are changing the configurations of their practices and personalizing them. As such, it is not presumptuous to see in this publication a tool which, in the medium term, should allow to better understand how, through the religious fact in the Alpes-Maritimes department, not to forget singular (by for example, the question of the construction of the locality and the delimitation of frontiers) and the satisfaction of our spiritual needs in all human beings. Certainly, the one's one of a kind of in-depth ethnographic inquiries, but it's all the merit of the inventory work restituted here to invite the researchers to find in this way. PILGRIMAGE FROM SAINTE-ANNE TO CLANS I - Identification 1. Title of the festival: Pilgrimage of St. Anne 2. Type of celebration: Roumerage and pilgrimage as part of a former patron saint festival 3. City: Clans, Tinée valley 4. Location (toponymy): Hameau du Mounar 5. Titulature: St. Anne's Chapel 6. Hagiography: Mother of the Virgin Mary, she is represented veiled, learning to read to her daughter. 7. Date of the holiday: Last Sunday of July II - Background 1. Staff: 80 people. 2. Public: Residents and seasonal inhabitants of Clans, members of the municipal council, members of the festival committee, priest. 3. Spatial scale: Village. 4. Access: About twenty vehicles take a forest track which, from the village, leads to the chapel in half an hour. Some of the pilgrims use a pedestrian path with a difference in height of 600 meters in two to three hours of walking. The first pilgrims reach the chapel around 7:30 am and the progressive arrivals are spread out until the time of the mass at 11am. III - Rituals 1. Religious Celebration: Before Mass, the faithful place in the arms of the statue or on its base some flowers that they have picked at the edge of the path. They also light nightlights on burners that will be fully filled before the start of Mass. Mass begins at 11 o'clock. It is celebrated by the priest living in La-Tour-sur-Tinée. At the beginning, during the communion and at the end, it is punctuated by hymns to St. Anne. In 2003, a baptism was exceptionally held in the chapel. At the time of local announcements, the Mayor of Clans reads a letter from Canon Ghiraldi, who presided at the pilgrimage for the last thirty years and wrote a monograph on Clans and the Sanctuary of St. Anne. He can no longer accompany the faithful and addresses each year a message through the Mayor's voice. After the midday meal, around 2.30 pm, twenty faithful attend the recitation of the Rosary for one hour, while others have already returned to the village or continue their discussions outside. At 3.30 pm, the procession begins. 2. Statue: polychrome wooden statue, depicting Saint Anne seated on a chair extending her arms towards the ground. Two cherubs raise a crown on his head. A staff with knotted scarves is kept behind his back. A set of embossed metal jewels, scapulars, necklaces, crucifixes hang from his left arm or around his neck. 3. Songs and Hymns: The faithful, supported by a female choir who usually sings Sunday Mass, sing two hymns at St. Anne, whose words are adapted to the Clans pilgrimage: "St. Anne, O good Mother" and " O Virgin of the hill. 4. Secular Commemoration: This type of practice is not found during the Clan Pilgrimage. 5. Procession: - Order: The female choir, the statue carried by four men, the bearers who will take over, the priest, the faithful. - Material: The statue on its base, with two crosspieces. - Route: The procession starts from the chapel at the top of the plateau to reach the end of the promontory below where there is an oratory dedicated to St. Anne. The route is a round trip of about 1200 meters to the oratory, then three turns of the chapel in the opposite direction of clockwise. The hymns to St. Anne alternate with the recitations of the "Our Father", "Hail Mary" and "Ave Maria". IV - Non religious activities 1. Speech by the authorities: The only official intervention of the mayor is the reading of the letter of Canon Ghiraldi. He claims his participation in the pilgrimage as a "clan" and not as mayor. 2. Aperitif: There is no aperitif offered by the municipality. In 2003, the local heritage association held a refreshment booth while in 2004 it was the festival committee. 3. Commensality: Lunch is a picnic in which kinship groups, affinities and friends gather. Most of the pilgrims settle in the shade of the chapel's bedside. Other groups eat in the first chapel converted into a mountain hut. The priest and some members of the choir lunch on a camping table and chairs in the chapel under the paved canopy. Blankets or tablecloths are spread on the floor, pissaladière dishes, cold cuts, salads, fruits, pies and cakes are shared. We serve aniseed drinks, wine, water, sodas for children. A widespread practice is to hand over a prepared dish (usually a specialty), within and outside the kinship group, so that everyone can serve themselves. 4. Other: The collection of money for the maintenance of the building goes through two distinct practices. On the one hand, in exchange for one euro a woman is responsible for distributing nightlights that the faithful will light and put on the stove. On the other hand, on the model of a raffle, the women of the choir collected scarves donated by the families of the village, which they knotted on a stick nested and placed on the statue of the saint. The woman who receives the offerings for the night lights also receives the offerings of the scarves and notes on a notebook the names of the donors. The draw takes place the following Sunday in the village and the winner wins all the scarves collected. V - Investigation 1. Investigation dates: July 27, 2003 and July 25, 2004 2. Number of shots: 210. 3. Running time: 15'20 (2003) 4. Documents collected: Song sheets
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Submitted on : Friday, October 19, 2018 - 5:48:16 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 11:04:04 AM