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Journal Articles Epilepsy & Behavior Year : 2021

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in patients with epilepsy

Abstract

Anxiety and depression in epilepsy are strongly documented but post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is underestimated and poorly known. We studied the links between psycho-traumagenic events (TE), onset of epilepsy, and severity of PTSD symptoms in patients with epilepsy. The study included 54 patients with epilepsy and 61 controls. We used validated questionnaires to screen for anxiety, depression, and PTSD symptoms and we conducted an interview to measure the prevalence of TE. We developed an original exploratory questionnaire to assess the presence of PTSD during interictal and peri-ictal periods. The results show that patients reported more exposure to a TE and presented significantly more severe PTSD symptoms than controls. Seventy-eight percent of patients (vs. 52% of controls) had been exposed to a TE, and 26% (vs. 7%) had a score above the diagnostic threshold of the PTSD scale. In addition, 18.6% of patients reported that their epilepsy began at the same time as they began to experience PTSD symptoms following a TE. Patients with high PTSD scores (above the threshold, n = 14) reported significantly more depression symptoms than patients without PTSD and reported PTSD symptoms both during the ictal and peri-ictal periods. Within the whole group of patients, anxiety (72%) and depression (33%) symptoms significantly correlated with PTSD symptoms reported by the scale. This study shows that patients with epilepsy have increased prevalence of self-reported PTSD symptoms. We describe the clinical picture specific to patients with epilepsy, which may include classical PTSD symptoms but also specific peri-ictal symptoms.
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Dates and versions

hal-03281879 , version 1 (13-06-2023)

Licence

Attribution - NonCommercial

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Lisa-Dounia Soncin, Aileen Mcgonigal, Iliana Kotwas, Sara Belquaid, Bernard Giusiano, et al.. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in patients with epilepsy. Epilepsy & Behavior, 2021, 121, pp.108083. ⟨10.1016/j.yebeh.2021.108083⟩. ⟨hal-03281879⟩
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