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Variations in Kinematics during Clinical Gait Analysis in Stroke Patients

Abstract : In addition to changes in spatio-temporal and kinematic parameters, patients with stroke exhibit fear of falling as well as fatigability during gait. These changes could compromise interpretation of data from gait analysis. The aim of this study was to determine if the gait of hemiplegic patients changes significantly over successive gait trials. Forty two stroke patients and twenty healthy subjects performed 9 gait trials during a gait analysis session. The mean and variability of spatio-temporal and kinematic joint parameters were analyzed during 3 groups of consecutive gait trials (1-3, 4-6 and 7-9). Principal component analysis was used to reduce the number of variables from the joint kinematic waveforms and to identify the parts of the gait cycle which changed during the gait analysis session. The results showed that i) spontaneous gait velocity and the other spatio-temporal parameters significantly increased, and ii) gait variability decreased, over the last 6 gait trials compared to the first 3, for hemiplegic patients but not healthy subjects. Principal component analysis revealed changes in the sagittal waveforms of the hip, knee and ankle for hemiplegic patients after the first 3 gait trials. These results suggest that at the beginning of the gait analysis session, stroke patients exhibited phase of adaptation,characterized by a ''cautious gait'' but no fatigue was observed.
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Julien Boudarham, Nicolas Roche, Didier Pradon, Céline Bonnyaud, Djamel Bensmail, et al.. Variations in Kinematics during Clinical Gait Analysis in Stroke Patients. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2013, 8 (6), pp.e66421. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0066421⟩. ⟨hal-02529041⟩

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