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Adaptation and validation of a short French version of the Drive for Muscularity Scale in male athletes (DMS-FR)

Abstract : The purpose of this paper was to adapt and examine the psychometric properties of a French-language Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS). First, a preliminary version of the scale, based on both the English-language version of the DMS and the literature on the drive for muscularity, was developed following a committee validation process. Second, the factor structure of the DMS-FR was investigated with principal component analysis (PCA) in a sample of 114 male athletes (Mage = 23.35; SDage = 4.93), leading to a nine-item scale (Study 1). Third, in Study 2, the internal factor structure, temporal stability, and concurrent validity were examined through a series of structural hypothetical modelisation in a sample of 129 male athletes (Mage = 27.03; SDage = 7.81). The results indicated that the scale has good psychometric properties. Specifically, the PCA, and the series of structural hypothetical modelisation, suggested two theoretical factors (i.e., Muscularity Body Dissatisfaction and Muscularity Behaviors), and more, with a bi-factor model in a SEM. The results also indicated sufficient concurrent validity with the Male Body Dissatisfaction Scale (MBDS) and adequate internal consistency (Cronbach's alphas were .87 for the Muscularity Body Dissatisfaction subscale, and .88 for the Muscularity Behaviors subscale). The findings overall suggest good reliability and construct validity for this French version of the DMS (DMS-FR), which will be useful for future research and clinical practice in French-speaking countries.
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https://hal.univ-cotedazur.fr/hal-02524852
Contributor : Stéphanie Scoffier-Meriaux <>
Submitted on : Monday, March 30, 2020 - 3:47:25 PM
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Lisa Chaba, Fabienne d'Arripe-Longueville, Vanessa Lentillon-Kaestner, Stéphanie Scoffier-Mériaux. Adaptation and validation of a short French version of the Drive for Muscularity Scale in male athletes (DMS-FR). PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2018, 13 (5), pp.15. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0196608⟩. ⟨hal-02524852⟩

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