Le premier projet, au niveau international, entièrement consacré à la toute première phase de l’allaitement : le don du colostrum par la mère et sa consommation par le nouveau-né.

Abstract : LAPCOS / MSHS South-East (EA 7278) -http: //colostrum.hypotheses.org A RESEARCH: -Pluri / inter-disciplinary: cultural anthropology, immunology, psychobiology, -which covers 7 countries (Germany, Bolivia, Brazil , Burkina Faso, Cambodia, France, Morocco) on 4 continents. DURATION: 36 months (01/01 / 2013-31 / 12/2015) BUDGET: 312.759 € PROBLEMATIC: It can be summed up in the following statement: (i) on the biomedical knowledge side, there is consensus to recognize the beneficial aspects of the consumption of colostrum, both in terms of morality (especially neonatal) and morbidity of the child, and there is also a consensus on the need for public health messages emphasizing these benefits. (ii) on the "societal" side, there are extremely contrasting situations, with many societies where C consumption is neglected or rejected for purely cultural reasons. On the basis of this observation, the social sciences and life sciences collaborate to design messages promoting the consumption of colostrum that will take into account the inseparable biological and cultural nature of this substance. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT: It includes two complementary components: an anthropological and an immunological and psychobiological component.-The anthropological component aims to document the practices and representations related to the neonatal consumption of colos-trum-innitely less well known than those relating to the ally-in contrasting social and cultural contexts.-The psychobiological and immunological component focuses on 2 particular aspects of colostrum. 1 / its sensory properties (its "sensory prol") and functionals. The CSGA UMR 6265 will seek in particular to determine to what extent the sensory descriptors of colostrum re-picked in the field by anthropologists are congruent with these properties. 2 / Test by the EA 6302 Immune Tolerance of the Hospital The Arch of the immunological potential of colostrum and its eet on the prevention of allergies. SPECIFICITY The first project, at the international level, devoted entirely to the very first phase of breastfeeding: the gift of colostrum by the mother and her consumption by the newborn. METHODS: Ethnographic (field surveys: maternities, dispensaries, home) and experimental (immunological and psychobio-logical). Data collected during the program will be freely accessible subject to compliance with ethical and legal rules. EXPECTED RESULTS: -Identify the social and cultural variables likely to explain the consumption or non-consumption of colostrum in the 7 selected countries, -draw anthropological and bio-cultural knowledge on the perception of this organic substance; look at this knowledge with the biological research of colostrum benefits in the field of allergic disease prevention, and provide lessons that should be useful for public health and education policies in subject of the investigation. Expected results could, among other things, help to increase the frequency of neonatal colostrum consumption, for which the child and maternal health effects are widely documented.
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Maria Fernanda Acosta, Joël Candau, Thierry Rosso, Celine Verguet. Le premier projet, au niveau international, entièrement consacré à la toute première phase de l’allaitement : le don du colostrum par la mère et sa consommation par le nouveau-né.. Fête de la science , Jun 2013, Nice, France. ⟨hal-01811566⟩

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