Machine learning decodes chemical features to identify novel agonists of a moth odorant receptor - Université Côte d'Azur Access content directly
Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2020

Machine learning decodes chemical features to identify novel agonists of a moth odorant receptor

Abstract

Odorant receptors expressed at the peripheral olfactory organs are key proteins for animal volatile sensing. Although they determine the odor space of a given species, their functional characterization is a long process and remains limited. To date, machine learning virtual screening has been used to predict new ligands for such receptors in both mammals and insects, using chemical features of known ligands. In insects, such approach is yet limited to Diptera, whereas insect odorant receptors are known to be highly divergent between orders. Here, we extend this strategy to a Lepidoptera receptor, SlitOR25, involved in the recognition of attractive odorants in the crop pest Spodoptera littoralis larvae. Virtual screening of 3 million molecules predicted 32 purchasable ones whose function has been systematically tested on SlitOR25, revealing 11 novel agonists with a success rate of 28%. Our results show that Support Vector Machine optimizes the discovery of novel agonists and expands the chemical space of a Lepidoptera OR. More, it opens up structure-function relationship analyses through a comparison of the agonist chemical structures. This proof-of-concept in a crop pest could ultimately enable the identification of OR agonists or antagonists, capable of modifying olfactory behaviors in a context of biocontrol.

Dates and versions

hal-03599128 , version 1 (06-03-2022)

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Gabriela Caballero-Vidal, Cédric Bouysset, Hubert Grunig, Sébastien Fiorucci, Nicolas Montagné, et al.. Machine learning decodes chemical features to identify novel agonists of a moth odorant receptor. Scientific Reports, 2020, 10 (1), pp.1655. ⟨10.1038/s41598-020-58564-9⟩. ⟨hal-03599128⟩
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