Migration pulsedness alters patterns of allele fixation and local adaptation in a mainland-island model - IDEX UCA JEDI Université Côte d'Azur Access content directly
Journal Articles Evolution - International Journal of Organic Evolution Year : 2023

Migration pulsedness alters patterns of allele fixation and local adaptation in a mainland-island model

Abstract

Abstract Geneflow across populations is a critical determinant of population genetic structure, divergence, and local adaptation. While evolutionary theory typically envisions geneflow as a continuous connection among populations, many processes make it fluctuating and intermittent. We analyze a mainland-island model where migration occurs as recurrent “pulses.” We derive mathematical predictions regarding how the level of migration pulsedness affects the effective migration rate, for neutral and selected mainland alleles. We find that migration pulsedness can either decrease or increase geneflow, depending on the selection regime. Pulsedness increases geneflow for sufficiently (counter)selected alleles (s<s1), but reduces it otherwise. We provide a mathematical approximation of the threshold selection strength s1, which is verified in stochastic simulations. Migration pulsedness thus affects the fixation rate at different loci in opposite directions, in a way that cannot be described as a change in effective population size. We show that migration pulsedness would generally reduce the level of local adaptation and introduce an additional genetic load: the “pulsedness load.” This is detrimental to the adaptation and persistence of small peripheral populations, with implications in management and conservation. These results indicate temporal variability in migration patterns may be an important, yet understudied, controller of geneflow and local adaptation.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
2021.06.24.449762v3.full.pdf (1.19 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Files produced by the author(s)

Dates and versions

hal-04047090 , version 1 (27-03-2023)

Licence

Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

Identifiers

Cite

Flora Aubree, Baptiste Lac, Ludovic Mailleret, Vincent Calcagno. Migration pulsedness alters patterns of allele fixation and local adaptation in a mainland-island model. Evolution - International Journal of Organic Evolution, 2023, 77 (3), pp.718-730. ⟨10.1093/evolut/qpac067⟩. ⟨hal-04047090⟩
45 View
36 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More