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Prolifération au cours de la régénération de la forme bilobée de la nageoire et de la peau lépidogène chez le zébrafish

Abstract : Caudal fin and skin regeneration in zebrafish both require new tissues formation, structurally and functionally identical to the former ones. They imply the formation and especially the proliferation of progenitor cells, and then during a patterning phase, they differentiate into a well-organized structure.During my PhD, I have studied in zebrafish model the proliferative events that conduct to the neoformation of caudal fin in one hand and the proliferative events implicated in the cutaneous wound healing in the other hand.The first part of this work supports the evidences of a common saltatory growth mechanism in both regeneration and development of caudal fin bony rays, and that the bi-lobed shape restoration of the fin could be a consequence of this bony segment salutary growth.During skin wound healing, proliferation is necessary in order to allow dermis and epidermis neo-morphogenesis and these events are over before the scale formation is initiated. In the second part of this study I characterized the entire skin wound healing process in the zebrafish model, from the wound closure to a fully regenerated skin including appendages. According to my results, the wound closure is a very fast event completed only in a few hours and it occurs only by epidermal cells migration. Cellular proliferation was detected after complete wound closure and once the epidermal basal layer differentiation is achieved. Cell proliferation appears to be restricted to a few basal cells whereas the major proliferation is detected in the intermediates layers of the epidermis.Taken together, these results suggest that in teleosteans, the epidermal stem cells and transient cells might be respectively located in the basal and intermediate layers. Moreover, there might be a common process due to aquatic environment, leading to a fast wound closure by re-epithelialization, between teleost skin and mammal’s cornea as well as oral mucosa.
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Flavien Caraguel. Prolifération au cours de la régénération de la forme bilobée de la nageoire et de la peau lépidogène chez le zébrafish. Biotechnologies. Université de Grenoble, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013GRENS043⟩. ⟨tel-01559350⟩

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