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Theses

Le téléphone : un artefact témoin du bien-être des personnes-âgées

Abstract : The ageing process exposes the fragility and the psycho-social and health issues that affect well-being. Coupled with the increase of population, the issue of support in old age is a real problem for society. While human resources are scarce and expensive, many players seeking solutions turn to technology to support the phenomenon. However these solutions are often stigmatizing, costly, require a learning effort and whose usefulness is often questioned. Specialized tools in aging struggle to penetrate the living space of the elderly. In this context, an affordable technology, which would anchor naturally in everyday life and whose design never evokes disability, has particularly interesting qualities. Positioned in the actimetry applied to gerontechnology, this doctoral work therefore aims to explore the potential of telephone metadata for social behavior deduction and the detection of events that may affect the well-being and the quality of life of the elderly. The underlying idea is that human behavior, whether biological or social, is quantifiable in relation to an individual average and a significant deviation is the sign of a characteristic event. We use digital traces as a reflection of the telephone activity to reconstruct some social patterns related to social activity and health. The results show statistically significant correlations between variables of telephone and social activity, the state of mental and physical health. This work validates previous research that gives the phone a key role in the management of social life and appeased negative emotions related to psychological symptomatology. It also enables to deepen the current knowledge about the relationship between physical health and use of the phone.
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Carole Hem. Le téléphone : un artefact témoin du bien-être des personnes-âgées. Psychologie. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015GREAS025⟩. ⟨tel-01312207⟩

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