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Theses

(Dé)Construire la race : Socialisation et conscientisation des rapports sociaux chez les diplômé.e.s du supérieur

Abstract : The dissertation studies the experience of racialization as reported by higher education graduates in France. It is based on a qualitative research through biographical interviews conducted between 2017 and 2019 with Master's degree graduates, born in France to foreign parents, or who arrived in France for their studies. It puts into perspective the life paths of men and women from various origins (North and sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, South America, overseas, Europe), and from different social backgrounds. This research questions the variations in narratives, and highlights the race conscientization process, in interaction with class and gender. In this study, conscientization refers to the continuous process of cognitive processing of a signal, which leads, in a given context, to the interpretation of a situation as racializing or not. The analysis of the interviews shows that social, political, and migratory characteristics of the respondents, their exposure to discriminatory risk, or the idea of "relative frustration" are not enough to explain why some interviewees interpret their experience in terms of race and racism, when others do not. The main hypothesis defended in this work emphasizes the role of socialization in the conscientization of race relations. My work discusses and specifies the notion of racial socialization by highlighting its complexity and plurality. It identifies three of its essential dimensions: relational socialization (family, friends, school, professional relationships), intellectual socialization (access to knowledge, especially on racism) and experiential socialization (learning about "visibility" and contexts of stigmatization and discrimination). The French context – characterized by the popularization of higher education and the rise of post- and decolonial anti-racism – is also presented as a socializing element. The dissertation analyzes the effects of the conscientization of race on the relationship to oneself and to others. It shows that this conscientization can take different forms, which guide the narrative of the life path and daily life. According to these different forms, the interviewee expresses acceptance, contestation, or minimization of the minority position. Each of these forms also influences feelings, educational and professional prospects, and sociability. The research shows how the class position claimed by the respondents influences the perception of their place in race relations. By emphasizing the conscientization process, the dissertation enriches the understanding of the articulation of race, gender and class.
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Romane Blassel. (Dé)Construire la race : Socialisation et conscientisation des rapports sociaux chez les diplômé.e.s du supérieur. Sociologie. Université Côte d'Azur, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021COAZ2002⟩. ⟨tel-03200492⟩

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