Etude de la Segmentation Internationale des Processus Productifs (SIPP). Une reformulation de la théorie de la fragmentation

Abstract : In a context of rude international competition with the rise of emerging countries, the production chain of MNCs becomes more complex. The objective of this thesis is to study the strategies of ISPP carried out by the MNCs. The first chapter establishes the shortcomings of works on the international fragmentation of production processes, which are mostly ‘country’ based studies and are no longer in line with changes of the current industrial world. In this chapter, the ISPP is defined. In Chapter 2, we build a partial equilibrium model to a single firm (the MNC) in order to find the main elements that determine ISPP and to show the different strategies by which MNCs segment their production process. In Chapter 3, we construct four new ISPP measurement indices and conduct relative descriptive studies. Chapter 4 verifies and complements the results obtained in the previous chapters, using two econometric models based on the French MNCs data and those relating to the countries where they have production activities. It appears that the ISPP combines the traditional theories and the new logics relating to international fragmentation; the constraints or advantages related to the firm and countries determine the choice of the firm to segment or not its production process via mixed or/and vertical strategies. Today, international fragmentation of production is no longer just a matter of the association of western multinational companies with suppliers of countries with low labor costs. Access to foreign markets, to a specific knowledge and skills are increasingly targeted. The strategies have evolved greatly and the level of countries too.
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Diane Christelle Guepet Tchawa. Etude de la Segmentation Internationale des Processus Productifs (SIPP). Une reformulation de la théorie de la fragmentation. Economies et finances. Université Côte d'Azur, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017AZUR0021⟩. ⟨tel-01622898⟩

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